Feminine gender in Nouns

When do we call people who take orders at the restaurant and serve us as waitress and not waiter?

What about Ali who got engaged to Aminah recently? Is Aminah his fiancée or his fiancé?

If Sofea is our sister’s or brother’s daughter, should we call her our nephew or niece?

A bit confusing, isn’t it? In English there are terms that we should use only for the feminine and masculine gender..

Here is a list of nouns used only for the feminine gender..

Vocabulary List – Feminine Gender – Digunakan untuk menamakan perempuan sahaja.

 

 

Bahasa Inggeris

Bahasa Melayu

1.

actress

pelakon wanita

2.

aunt / auntie

makcik / emak saudara

3.

businesswoman

ahli perniagaan wanita

4.

damsel

perempuan muda yang belum berkahwin

5.

daughter

anak perempuan

6.

dutchess

bangsawan (wanita)

7.

dressmaker

tukang jahit wanita

8.

empress

maharani /isteri maharaja

9.

fiancée

tunang wanita

10.

girl

budak perempuan

11.

girl scout

pegakap wanita

12.

girlfriend

teman wanita

13.

granddaughter

cucu perempuan

14.

grandmother

nenek

15.

great granddaughter

cicit perempuan

16.

great grandmother

moyang wanita

17.

bride

pengantin wanita

18.

headmistress

gurubesar wanita

19.

heiress

waris wanita

20.

heroine

srikandi /wirawati

21.

hostess

tuan rumah (wanita) / pengacara wanita

22.

lady

nama yang sopan untuk ‘woman’ terutamanya yang lebih tua. / gelaran ‘Lady’

23.

madam

puan

24.

manageress

pengurus perempuan

25.

mayoress

datuk bandar (wanita)

26.

mistress

tuan (wanita)

27.

mother

ibu

28.

niece

anak saudara wanita

29.

policewoman

polis wanita

30.

princess

puteri raja

31.

queen

ratu / permaisuri

32.

sister

kakak / adik perempuan

33.

stewardess

pramugari / pengelola

34.

waitress

pelayan wanita

35.

widower

balu

36.

wife

isteri

37.

woman

wanita

Words in the news – Woo

woo  The verb woo means to try to get the support of someone.

woo
Mr Surakiart will work to woo support from middle-class voters.

“Political parties and their candidates have held meetings of canvassers and given them money to organise activities to woo voters,” he said.

AT&T Inc, the owner of the biggest US mobile-phone service, plans to woo corporate customers away from Verizon Wireless with a new handset that uses its fastest internet network and can handle heavy e-mail use.

Cambodia is wooing overseas companies to invest in oil exploration and power plants to ease electricity shortages and ensure energy supplies.

Source – http://readbangkokpost.com/wordoftheday/

Idioms for the day…

ace: make an “A” on a test, homework assignment, project, etc.

“Somebody said you aced the test, Dave. That’s great!”

all right (1): expression of reluctant agreement.

A: “Come to the party with me. Please!”
B: “Oh, all right. I don’t want to, but I will.”

all right (2): fair; not particularly good.

A: “How’s your chemistry class?”
B: “It’s all right, I guess, but it’s not the best class I’ve ever had.”

all right (3): unharmed; in satisfactory condition.

A: “You don’t look normal. Are you all right?”
B: “Yes, but I have a headache.”

and then some: and much more besides.

A: “I’d guess your new computer cost about $2,000. “
B: “It cost that much and then some because I also bought extra RAM and VRAM.”

antsy: restless; impatient and tired of waiting.

“I hope Katy calls soon. Just sitting around and waiting is making me antsy.”

as easy as pie: very easy.

“I thought you said this was a difficult problem. It isn’t. In fact, it’s as easy as pie.”

at the eleventh hour: at the last minute; almost too late.

“Yes, I got the work done in time. I finished it at the eleventh hour, but I wasn’t late.

Masculine gender Nouns.

This is a list of nouns for masculine gender that I can think of..The list might not be an exhaustive one so do email me if you know any other masculine gender nouns.

 

Bahasa Inggeris

Bahasa Melayu

1.

actor

pelakon lelaki

2.

boy

budak lelaki

3.

boy scout

pegakap lelaki

4.

boyfriend

teman lelaki

5.

brother

abang / adik lelaki

6.

businessman

Ahli perniagaan lelaki

7.

duke

bangsawan (lelaki)

8.

emperor

maharaja

9.

father

ayah

10.

fireman

ahli bomba lelaki

11.

gentleman

lelaki budiman

12.

grandfather

datuk

13.

grandson

cucu lelaki

14.

great grandfather

moyang lelaki

15.

great grandson

cicit lelaki

16.

groom

pengantin lelaki

17.

heir

waris lelaki

18.

hero

Hero lelaki

19.

host

tuan rumah (lelaki) / pengacara lelaki

20.

husband

suami

21.

king

raja lelaki

22.

man

lelaki

23.

mayor

datuk bandar (lelaki)

24.

nephew

anak saudara lelaki

25.

policeman

polis lelaki

26.

prince

putera raja

27.

son

anak lelaki

28.

steward

pramugara / pengelola

29.

uncle

pakcik / bapa saudara

30.

waiter

pelayan lelaki

31.

widower

duda

Adjectives ending in –ED or –ING

In my earlier posting at http://knowledgecentre.wordpress.com/2007/11/19/114/I have given example on some adjectives ending with -ing.

Another form of adjectives are the ones ending with -ed. A common error is thinking that any word ending with -ed is a Verb in its Simple Past or Past Participle form. You have to be careful here as some words that end in -ed are also adjectives.

Then there is also confusion in using the -ing and -ed ending adjectives as you might think it is interchangeable. For example the word disappointing and disappointed.

“The movie was disappointing.” This means that the movie you have watched has caused disappointment and therefore you are disappointed with the movie as it was not that good.

In the above sentence,disappointing, is used to describe the noun, movie. Even though disappointed is also an adjective but you can’t use it to describe the movie such as :-

“The movie was disappointed.” As movie is a thing, you cannot use disappointed to describe more about the movie. A movie or any other object cannot feel the disappointment.

You can however use –ing or –ed adjectives for people or animals, but be aware of what you are expressing.

You can say a person is interested which means that the person feels interest.

It is different if you say a person is interesting which means that the makes others to feel interested.

Try this out.

I. CHOOSE THE RIGHT ADJECTIVE.

1. I was really looking forward to seeing that movie, but unfortunately it was lousy. I was disappointed/disappointing with it because it was bored/boring.

2. It’s sometimes embarrassing/embarrassed when you have to ask people for money.

3. Are you interesting/interested in speaking English fluently?

4. I enjoyed going to the football game which ended in a draw. It was very excited/exciting.

5. It was an extremely terrifying/terrified mishap. Afterward every single person was shocking/shocked.

Answers.

1. A -disappointed -describe more how “I” feel

B -boring -describe more about “it” or the movie

2. embarrassing -describe more about “it” where it refers to the “situation” when you don’t have money and have to borrow money from others.

3. interested -describe more how “you” feel.

4. interesting -describe more about “it” where it refers to the “football game.”

5. A. terrifying -describe more about the “mishap”
B -shocked -describe more how “every person” felt after the incident.

I. OTHERS PAIRS OF ADJECTIVES ENDING IN –ING AND –ED ARE:

fascinating

exciting

amusing

amazing astonishing

shocking

disgusting

embarrassing

confusing

fascinated

excited

amused

amazed

astonished

shocked

disgusted

embarrassed

confused

horrifying

terrifying

frightening

depressing

worrying

annoying

exhausting

satisfying

horrified

terrified

frightened

depressed

worried

annoyed

exhausted

satisfied

Kursus Pra-UPSR Bahasa Inggeris 15 Disember ini!!!

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Kelas Fundamentals of English Grammar bermula 5hb Januari 2008!!!

 

 

Anda ingin mahirkan bahasa Inggeris anda untuk kerjaya anda?

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Cuba lihat apa kata pelajar-pelajar saya sebelumini :-

1. Cukup puas hatiii..Saya dapat gambaran jelas sangat.. Masa saya tanya soalan yang saya tak faham, En. Yusoff beri penjelasan yg begitu baik..

Huda – Kuala Lumpur

2. I have gone through the notes given and found it very interesting. On behalf of all my friends , we appreciate your dedication and commitment.

Sham – Bank Simpanan Nasional, Kuala Lumpur

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Rina – Philips, Nilai.

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Words in the news – Perch

perch  The verb perch refers to birds landing and staying on a branch, etc. Perch can also mean to be placed on the top or the edge of something.

perch
The grassy areas along the eastern runway are frequented by small birds, which can be seen perching on the barb wire fences.

Neither the tourists on board the ice-breaker Aurora, nor the eagle perched on a block of ice watching them, seem to be bothered by the prospect that rising water levels will one day submerge Japan’s coast.

The tomb is perched high on a hill with a commanding view of the valley he defended from Soviet troops.

The fort was perched atop Mt Sharika and was built by Atta Mohammed Khan in 1776.

Source -  http://readbangkokpost.com/wordoftheday/

Words in the news – Truce

truce  The noun truce refers an agreement between opponents or enemies to stop fighting or arguing, especially for an agreed period of time.

truce
Prime Minister Surayud Chulanont yesterday called for a truce with National Legislative Assembly (NLA) member Prasong Soonsiri to clear the air following angry exchanges between them in the leadup to tomorrow’s ethics debate.

The government and the MILF agreed a truce in 2003, but the cease-fire is sporadically broken.

The shooting was the latest breaking of the newest truce agreed by the two rivals with Egyptian mediators, who for months have been trying to calm increasingly violent tensions between the two sides.

The agreement announced last week is the latest twist in a truce the companies, once bitter rivals, hammered out in 2004, when both companies vowed to make their products work better together.

SOurce – http://readbangkokpost.com/wordoftheday/

Words in the news

Words in the News is very much alive, but it is now found here. While you are there, check out the rest of the site. You might be surprised how much is there.

rival (RAI vul)

The noun rival refers to a person, business or organisation that you are competing with or fighting against

    The airport, which is projected by the government to turn Thailand into a hub for commercial airlines equal to that of regional rivals, will be out of the public eye until it is officially approved for use. In the past, the clever politician had been very successful in pitting his political rivals against each other.

    The Southeast Asian market is likely become a battleground between the Japanese and their European and US rivals.

    The company’s costs have been increasingly higher than its rivals.

    Source – http://www.bangkokpost.net/education/worday/today.htm