Adjectives ending in –ED or –ING

In my earlier posting at https://knowledgecentre.wordpress.com/2007/11/19/114/I have given example on some adjectives ending with -ing.

Another form of adjectives are the ones ending with -ed. A common error is thinking that any word ending with -ed is a Verb in its Simple Past or Past Participle form. You have to be careful here as some words that end in -ed are also adjectives.

Then there is also confusion in using the -ing and -ed ending adjectives as you might think it is interchangeable. For example the word disappointing and disappointed.

“The movie was disappointing.” This means that the movie you have watched has caused disappointment and therefore you are disappointed with the movie as it was not that good.

In the above sentence,disappointing, is used to describe the noun, movie. Even though disappointed is also an adjective but you can’t use it to describe the movie such as :-

“The movie was disappointed.” As movie is a thing, you cannot use disappointed to describe more about the movie. A movie or any other object cannot feel the disappointment.

You can however use –ing or –ed adjectives for people or animals, but be aware of what you are expressing.

You can say a person is interested which means that the person feels interest.

It is different if you say a person is interesting which means that the makes others to feel interested.

Try this out.

I. CHOOSE THE RIGHT ADJECTIVE.

1. I was really looking forward to seeing that movie, but unfortunately it was lousy. I was disappointed/disappointing with it because it was bored/boring.

2. It’s sometimes embarrassing/embarrassed when you have to ask people for money.

3. Are you interesting/interested in speaking English fluently?

4. I enjoyed going to the football game which ended in a draw. It was very excited/exciting.

5. It was an extremely terrifying/terrified mishap. Afterward every single person was shocking/shocked.

Answers.

1. A -disappointed -describe more how “I” feel

B -boring -describe more about “it” or the movie

2. embarrassing -describe more about “it” where it refers to the “situation” when you don’t have money and have to borrow money from others.

3. interested -describe more how “you” feel.

4. interesting -describe more about “it” where it refers to the “football game.”

5. A. terrifying -describe more about the “mishap”
B -shocked -describe more how “every person” felt after the incident.

I. OTHERS PAIRS OF ADJECTIVES ENDING IN –ING AND –ED ARE:

fascinating

exciting

amusing

amazing astonishing

shocking

disgusting

embarrassing

confusing

fascinated

excited

amused

amazed

astonished

shocked

disgusted

embarrassed

confused

horrifying

terrifying

frightening

depressing

worrying

annoying

exhausting

satisfying

horrified

terrified

frightened

depressed

worried

annoyed

exhausted

satisfied

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